Officially, about 25 percent of all inhabitants of the country live in Baku's metropolitan area. Baku is divided into twelve administrative raions and 48 townships.
Among these are the townships on the islands of the Baku Archipelago, and the town of Oil Rocks built on stilts in the Caspian Sea, 60 kilometres (37 miles) away from Baku.
as a non-standard way) is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region.
Baku is located 28 metres (92 ft) below sea level, which makes it the lowest lying national capital in the world and also the largest city in the world located below sea level.
Baga (now بغ bagh) and kuy are the Old Persian words for "god" and "town" respectively; the name Baghkuy may be compared with Baghdād ("God-given") in which dād is the Old Persian word for "give".
Baku was the realm of the Shirvanshahs during the 8th century CE.Near Nardaran, in a place called Umid Gaya, a prehistoric observatory was discovered, where on the rock the images of sun and various constellations are carved together with a primitive astronomic table.Further archeological excavations revealed various prehistoric settlements, native temples, statues and other artifacts within the territory of the modern city and around it.The Baku International Sea Trade Port is capable of handling two million tons of general and dry bulk cargoes per year.In recent years, Baku has become an important venue for international events.
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Baku lies on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula, alongside the Bay of Baku.